IVF

sperm injection into egg from wikimedia commons

sperm injection into egg from wikimedia commons

We are going to try something a little different to help us learn about the process of IVF, and the ethical considerations that go along with it.  Here’s the situation:

A couple have been trying to conceive for over 3 years.  They have had 2 miscarriages. They are considering IVF as their next step. The man is really keen to go ahead with it, but his wife is skeptical.  They have an appointment with a doctor who is a specialist in the area of fertility and IVF.

What to do:

  • Get into groups of 3.
  • Each person will have their own role to play – decide who is going to be the doctor, who is going to be the woman and who is going to be the husband.
  • The doctor must become knowledgeable about the process of IVF, so that s/he can explain it to the couple and answer any questions they may have.
  • The woman must be ready to listen, but also have a well thought out list of concerns about the negative aspects of this treatment and the ethical considerations she is worried about.
  • The husband must have his arguments ready as to why he thinks the treatment would be a good next step for them, and address any of his wife’s concerns.
  • Spend about 30-40 mins researching your role.
  • Role play the interview between the doctor and the couple.
  • Reflect on the process – what difficulties did you find? Is there a “right” answer to this problem? Include your thoughts in a comment on this post.

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31 Responses to “IVF”

  1. eriksens says:

    Ethical issues considered:

    AGAINST:

    – religion: is IVF meddling with God’s will?
    – the possibility of multiple births
    –> may not be desirable for the woman giving birth
    –> increases the chances of premature birth
    –> parents may not want more than one child
    – cost: the drugs and procedures are expensive, and the couple may not afford it, especially considering it may not work
    – time, effort and stress involved with going for the hormone treatments, knowing it might not even work
    – there are other ways of getting a child: adoption for example

    PRO:

    – you want children that have your genes; it is more secure that adoption because you will know about genetic diseases etc.
    – woman may want to go through pregnancy, and important step in a woman’s life
    – many issues with adoption also

  2. Aaron says:

    The process of IVF can be considered negative because the company extracts several eggs and fertilizes them with sperm inside the dish. The ethical problem with this is that since the company has now ‘fertilized’ the egg, it now has the potentiality to become a child. If 5 eggs become fertilized, and only several are placed within the female, the remaining eggs that haven’t been placed within the uterus are now not needed and ‘thrown away.’ This is wrong, because the first processes of child development has now been undertaken. But this notion of disposing the fertilized eggs can become flawed, as many companies give you the option to freeze the fertilized eggs for future usage.

    In my perception, every female has the right to be able to have a child, but this perception would be classified as wrong in many religious cultures. If a woman is unable to conceive naturally, does it mean that they are not given the right to have a child- simply, its discrimination. IVF is helpful in this sense as it allows couples to have their own child.

  3. C O says:

    My opinion on IVF is that I believe there are good uses for this type of reprdouction for those who cannot have children. The ability to say that this was your child is a very rewarding thing. I don’t believe that there is anything wrong with adoption or any other form of achieving children that were not born from you but there is a certain link of emotion that I believe is worth making that extra effort to have the child yourself. I think that IVF gets a bad reputation by the people who abuse this scientifical process for their own gain of personal recognition on the news or in magazines such as “Octo Mom”. One thing that I was shocked to learn about was the 30% to 40 % chance of birth defects due to procedure of this type of fertilization. I was also shocked to learn that the process might not work and there may be no pregnanacy. In the view of the women wanting children, it does not seem as such a harmful or painful process as it does lengthy and costly (money wise) . Also I believe that the emotional stress is not that great because the man and the woman have to go through a process together and not totally dependent on just one parent. Although I believe having children is a great thing, I also believe people should die. It is part of the life cycle and right now science is affecting this by preserving elderly people and reducing the risk of death at birth. Our world population is growing so quickly I also believe some people should not have children and should maybe adopt.

  4. Caitlin says:

    what difficulties did you find? Is there a “right” answer to this problem? Include your thoughts in a comment on this post

    From the position of the doctor, we had great difficulties trying to convince the mother to partake in the IVF treatment. Some of her main concerns were:
    – The pain going to be incountered in the surgical process.
    – The expense of the process
    – The higher rate of miscarage occurances in women over 35 years old.
    – Religious conflict as people feel that the doctors are trying to play God.

    On the other hand the IVF process enables families who are unble to reproduce naturally the chance at conceiving a child that cosists of their genes. It can also:
    – Aid a reduction in gentic diseases

    Personally I do not feel that there is a “right” answer to this debate, it is purely a personal preference. Adoption is a valid option however, i do believe that every family that has the financial means to be able to participate in IVF treatement should be able to in order to be able to reproduce their own kind.

  5. KriziaC says:

    Playing the mother during the role play gave the perspective of the cons of the disadvantages of IVF. The overriding difficulty that were primarily encountered is being convinced that there will be no complications during or after IVF. Being in perspective of the mother has given more reasons to oppose the option of IVF.

    First, pain is what is considered. The fact that injections, vagina tablets, and the embryo transfer gives possibility and doubt for pain. Nonetheless, despite this, the emotional pain that may occur with the mother with the thought that the baby might not be natrually born is possible. The mental preparation and mental aftermath of having IVF should be considered. It’s quite easy for a man to consider IVF for his wife, however, the mental preparation of a woman is much important than the man because they are the ones that are being manipulated biologically in order to get the desired effect (which is the baby). Also, the after thought of a mother who fails to be able to get pregnant through IVF is emotionally degrading because she would feel that even with IVF, she sill cannot succeed as a woman. After the baby from IVF is born, the thought of telling the child that they were made through IVF and not naturally could emotionally effect the child.

    The price of IVF is high. There is still a chance of IVF failing and because of this, would it still be worth it? Personally, I know people who have tried IVF once and failed. Their second time worked, however, the thought of losing that much money for a treatment that could potentially fail multiple time is difficult to consider. Also, there is a 30-40% chance of birth defects, however, there could be reduction of genetic diseases.

    Also, the idea that there could be multiple forming fetuses because of multiple implantation is quite difficult to deal with because of choosing a fetus over another. (For example, octomom.)

    Even though there is a dominant positive to IVF, the child, there are multiple factors to consider before undertaking IVF. For example, adoption, which should be considered because of the increasing population.

    In summary, I am not convinced that IVF is ethically right. Despite this, people look past these negatives and look forward — the birth of a child.

  6. Neelam says:

    REFLECTION

    Difficulties:
    -Our client hesitated because her religious beliefs were in the way. As she said “God wouldn’t want a baby made in a test tube”.
    -Her husband forceful nature made her retaliate more, due to the pressure and stress put on her.
    -Other ideas such as adoption came into play as it could have been option.
    -The mother thought that the procedure was very painful, and stressful which led her to not want it.
    -As IVF allows several eggs to be inserted, there was a chance that more than one child was going to be fertilized and that’s not what the couple wanted.
    -In addition, IVF usually leads to multiple birth leading to premature babies, which is somewhat of “torture to the baby”
    -The cost of IVF was ranging from $5k-25k, which was a huge strain on the couple’s financial budgets.

    Advantages:
    -The couple would want their genes combined to create a child of their own.
    -It could be a non-painful way to possibly create a life.
    -It helps couples who are infertile because of various issues (blocked or damaged tubes, high FSH, poor ovarian reserve, PCOS, male factor, unexplained infertility…) conceive.
    -Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis can be done to choose one sex to prevent sex linked chromosomal abnormalities.
    -It is much more successful than Intrauterine insemination (IUI) and other ART procedures and and the odds of conceiving multiples are much lower than IUI.
    -The procedure has been around a long time and it relatively safe.
    -It can help single parents or homosexual couples have children via egg or sperm donors.
    -Unused embryos can be used for stem cell research potentially helping another life.

    Is there a “right” answer to this problem?
    -There is no right answer because it really depends on what the person/couple wants, what they believe and its the right procedure for them.

  7. Sagar says:

    In this roleplay exercise, we learnt of the reasons why people may be for or against In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

    From the position of the father in the roleplay, I was able to address the cons of using IVF as a mode to conceive a child.
    – The costs associated with this treatment were incredibly high, and may not be affordable for every family, regardless of how much they may want a child.
    – My supposed religious beliefs played a role in my choice to use IVF since God did not intend for science to be the one to give us a child; children should be conceived naturally, not in a laboratory by a scientist who is a stranger.
    – My wife may experience physical pain during the process, and emotional pain if the treatment is not successful. Relating to this, the rate of miscarriage is much higher if the women is over a certain age (36?) This also relates to the hormonal treatment prior to the transplant of the egg in the uterus; my wife will fluctuate emotionally throughout the duration of the treatment.
    – If we only want one child, the process of IVF may leave us with more than one child, maybe two or three.
    – Adoption is another method (albeit costly and stressful) that can give us a child; some people believe that there is no need to conceive your own child if you can simply help one already living by bringing them into your family.
    – If the woman gets pregnant in the first try, and if a few fertilized eggs were not used, we would be, in essence, taking their lives.

    From the position of the father in the roleplay, I was able to address the pros of using IVF to conceive a child.
    – It can be considered a “quick fix” in the sense that the egg is already fertilized when it is placed into the uterus, increasing the chances of pregnancy and having a child.
    – The child will have our genes, and not someone else’s. Thus, we will be aware of the child’s medical history and any medical problems he may face in the future; adopting a child will result in our not knowing of the child’s medical problems.
    – It can increase the chances of our having a healthy baby since IVF will reduce the likelihood that we will be having an unhealthy baby since the unhealthy eggs will not be used.
    – IVF gives single parents and same-sex couples the opportunity to have children as well.

  8. Deo says:

    While role-playing as the doctor in the scenario, I didn’t have much trouble convincing the couple to try using IVF in order to conceive. The only real issue the “husband and wife” had with IVF was what would happen to the unused embryos, but once it was explained that they could be frozen for possible later use, or even donated to other couples, they bought into the idea quite easily, as long as the unused embryos are not disposed of, I suppose.
    Personally, I think IVF is a perfectly viable method for couples who wish to conceive but do necessarily have the ability to do so. Some things to consider before going through with the process, however, would be that there is a larger possibility of having multiple children, so people who are dead set on only having one child should be careful with IVF.
    While many might have problems with single people, unmarried couples or same-sex couples having a child for their own reasons, personally I am perfectly fine with “unusual” couples having children, as long as they treat them well.
    I would find IVF detestable if parents decided to use it to screen particular traits in or out of the child for unjustifiable or unnecessary means, such as purely for aesthetics. An example would be a deaf couple in England who petitioned to create a deaf baby using IVF, as opposed to making sure that the child wouldn’t be born deaf. While screening out potential genetic diseases could prevent considerable amounts of future suffering, but screening in traits that would be detrimental to the child’s life at the choice of the parents.

  9. SungMin says:

    I personally don’t feel that the IVF is the best choice for a couple to choose in order to have a child, mostly because it is carried out artificially. One of the concern is that despite the expensive cost, the chance of success is very low; around one success in 5 tries. Although the method allows the opportunity to choose the most healthy fertilized embryo, the method also showed (through 25 studies) that there are 30~40% chance of birth defects. It is also reasonable, refering to the example of ‘Octomom’, that there is a possibility of all the fertilized embryos that were placed inside the mother to successfully develop into babies. Although the mother has a choice of removing some of the babies once such is figured out, this could usually be a dfficult choice for many mothers to give up her babies, which may lead to consenquences like the octomom.
    Although the procedure is done very carefully in the laboratory, there are always a chance for mistakes, such as switches of the father’s sperm or even the fertilized embryos with different parents’ which could lead to serious consequences.
    The method can also have several negative implications to the mother, both mentally and physically. This is because the mother has to go through several procedures such as taking medication, several injections, as well as tests. A part of the reason for thes procedure is to increase the hormone level to allow more creation of embryos. Such artificial procedure to change the function of the mother’s body can lead to some negative consequences, as well as higher possibilities of disabilities.
    Therefore, considering all the possible consequences the method can lead to, I’m not completely convinced that the IVF is a safe and reasonable method.

  10. Ri Sil says:

    Reflection

    Nowadays, IVF has become such a big issue in our society. Considering the opinions from various group of people, there are some benefits but drawbacks too.

    First of all, the main objective of IVF is to have a baby. Therefore, once the IVF process is successful, the couples can have baby and feel the happiness of being parents. Additionally, IVF can also reduce the genetic disease. Since it takes place outside of the body, healthy sperms and eggs can be chosen for implantation.

    However, there are drawbacks of IVF. Since the cost of IVF process is expensive, all of the couples cannot afford it. Once the first trial of IVF process is failed, the couples should try again and it will cost additionally. Then, during the process of IVF, the woman should take drugs and it is not healthy for woman. The drugs might have bad outcomes too. Lastly, the success rate of IVF process is about 40% and it is not that high rate.

    In my opinion, IVF is helpful for those who only have less chances of having babies. The women who are at old ages for their first children, they might want to try it but I don’t recommend for young couples. The couples should carefully consider about the decision and both husband and wife should strongly agree with it. Once they think that they don’t have chances anymore, it is the time that they should consider about it. Applying some religious issues, it is true that the child is the gift from god. However, some couple has problems in their bodies of having babies. For those people, they can try IVF and I hope the result is successful.

  11. JE says:

    Ethical issues
    In processing IVF, there are good and bad side. The good issue of couples is that they can have a positive impact on their psychology because they were desperate to have a baby.
    However, the bad issue of the couple is that there may be a health issue for women because they have an injection that stimulate artificial hormone. So, women may have side effect by the effect of stimulating artificial hormone. Later on, when time passes on, the treatments which use drug to stimulate hormone can increase the risk of getting an ovarian cancer. In addition to that, there is a possibility of getting healthy children due to the effect of genetic variation; however, in the long-term, there will be more possibility of getting a health care service in the long term. Lastly, processing is costly and the possibility of success is low.

  12. Minjung says:

    It is true that IVF (In vitro Fertilization) has many negative effects, but as the technology has been improving, I think IVF is one of the ways that is very helpful for the couples who fail to have a baby.
    The negative issues that the couples usually consider are the cost and the health issues during the process of IVF. It is very costly to do one process (about $ 15,000) and during IVF, women should take lots of pills about 21 days and got injection for 10 to 12 days in order to stimulate the productivity of the eggs. It will possibly harm the women’s body, and if the process is failed, the couples should repeat the process –which is more stressful for women and very costly, indeed.
    However, there are more positive effects than negative effects; especially, having a baby. The couples who do this process are mostly desperate of having babies. They are ready to take risks to have their own baby (there are other choices to have a baby like adoption, but they just need to have their own). Also, by doing this process, if the family has a genetic disease, it is possible that the couples can have healthier child than they can get. The most obvious advantage of processing IVF is that it will reduce the stress of the couples. These days, the percentage of the success is about 40%, which is an increased rate compared to the past years. So, if the couples have a problem with their reproductive system so that they have no choice of having a child or the woman’s age is pretty old to have a baby, IVF will be very useful for those couples.

  13. Jiwon says:

    In the previous class, we did a simple role play related to IVF (In vitro fertilization), a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the womb, in vitro. My role was a woman who has several concerns about the negative aspects of this treatment and the ethical considerations. My general negative concerns were as following: IVF could potentially be harmful to women and has higher chance of having twins or triplets. Besides, the cost is high.

    The treatment of IVF involves the injection of hormones and chemical drugs. It is known that these drugs that are used in the process of treatment to stimulate the ovaries could lead to an increased risk of ovarian cancer in later life. Above all, I believe that any artificial injection of drugs does harm women’s body.

    Also, it is highly likely that it would end up having twins or triplets. It is because the procedure often places more than one embryo in a woman’s uterus in order to increase the chances of success. Around one in four couples, who have successfully completed IVF treatment, will have twins. Then, this multiple pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage and other complications.

    Moreover, the cost of IVF is high. One process costs around US $15,000, which is quite burdensome for ordinary couples. Considering the potential possibilities of failure, the cost is expensive.

    However, there are a couple of positive aspects of IVF. The main benefit is that the parents will have babies! Imagine how pleasant the parents would be. This point is so attractive to the parents that they still decide to try IVF. And the doctors consider that the children who are conceived by IVF are mostly healthy.

  14. Andie says:

    Ethical Implications of IVF

    Ethical Implications of IVF can include affordability for average income families, the success rate, health issues, multiple birth, religious issues as well as economic issues.
    The cost for one IVF treatment can range from $10,000 – $15,000, for an average income family this amount can be costly. An issue with the cost of the procedure would be that there is an average success rate of only 20%, therefore there is an 80% possibility that the family will be paying a large sum of money for no results. If an average income family were to have to do the procedure twice to receive a child, they may be facing debt or may no longer be able to properly provide for their child. However, some argue that a child is worth the money, no matter how large the sum.
    The woman undergoing the procedure will also be putting herself at some risk for health problems. Hormones, given to the patient pre-op, such as LH and FSH can cause over stimulation of the ovary which causes Ovarian Hyper-Stimulation Syndrome. OHSS can progress to be a life threatening health risk and affects 3-8% of patients. This risk is unethical because the patient is putting themselves in unnecessary risk. However, one can argue that most unnecessary medical procedures, such as plastic surgery, also include health risks but many people still go through with the procedure and have become culturally acceptable.
    During the procedure, up to 7 fertilized eggs in the womb; if each egg survives it would result in a multiple birth of 7 children, or more if more eggs are implanted. This can be ethical because some family incomes may not be able to sustain a family of 7 new born babies. However, the chances of each egg surviving are small and the reason for a large amount of implanted eggs is to increase the success rate of conceiving.
    Besides personal implications, there are also social and economic implications of IVF. Religious views are an example of a social implication. Many people of conservative religions believe that IVF is defying the work of god and that children should be conceived naturally without the help of science. However, those who are pro IVF can argue that they are entitled to their own beliefs and if they believe that IVF is ok according to their religion then they should be able to go through with the procedure. An economic implication to IVF includes the idea that population growth will increase, which will add more pressure to the economy of already over populated countries.

  15. Lee says:

    Reflection

    In today society, IVF has become popular method to have baby. I was a husband while we were doing the role playing but personally I don’t agree and also disagree with doing IVF because there are several advantages and disadvantages. Firstly, couple will have baby by doing IVF so they can be parents. Secondly, Children will have less chance to have genetic diseases because we can choose healthy sperm and egg when we are fertilizing so it reduced to have genetic disease.

    However, there are some drawbacks of doing IVF too. Firstly, it is very expensive so if couple will be failed to have baby by doing IVF then they have to pay for another process of IVF. Secondly there is more chance to fail to have baby. Lastly since IVF requires to use drugs it will be harmful to their health.

    In my opinion, it will be good for people who have less chance to have baby only. So I don’t recommend this to people who can have baby. But if you are really want baby then I think it is good method because as I have mentioned above there are also several advantages like reducing the genetic disease.

  16. Kevin Chang says:

    IVF: In-vitro Fertilization
    Point of View: Husband
    In the role-playing game, I played as the husband in the scenario. During the role-playing game, the doctor (Deo) helped answer a lot of my wife’s (Aaron) questions and supported my side – that this indeed the best option of having a child.
    Advantages
    • Before the egg is placed in a womb it can be checked for genetic abnormalities thus leading into having a healthy child– lower risk of retarded – (mentally challenged) children.
    • Unused embryos can be later frozen for future later use or be donated to another couple for their use.
    • Single parents, unmarried couples or same-sex couples may have a child of their own.
    • Issues of adoption
    Disadvantages:
    • Expensive – family must be financially stable → treatment costs, medicine costs, etc…
    • Emotionally stressful – going through hormonal treatments
    • Risk of multiple pregnancies, thus increases the risk of miscarriages and further complications
    • Increases the chance of premature birth

  17. Nathan Day says:

    Point of view of a Doctor

    Arguments for:
    – Every person has the right to have children
    – 29% success rate for women under 35. This is higher than any other alternative.
    – The procedure is safe
    – Unused embryos can be stored and used as a source for stem cells

    Arguments against:
    – Can the process be considered ‘playing God’?
    – Increased chance of multiple pregnancies that may be unwanted
    – Very costly
    – High emotional level due to the increased hormonal load
    – Possibility of considering the termination of unused embryos as abortion
    – Increased chances of genetic disorders

  18. syarafina says:

    Pros:
    – The woman will have kids that are still half yours compared to adopting a child.
    – This process has been around for quite a number of years and doctors have the health studies on the children conceived.
    – There is a higher chance of having twins or triplets (this is also seen as a disadvantage)
    – Same sex couples can have children.

    Cons:
    – It is unethical – some view children as a gift of God and should be conceived naturally.
    – There is a higher chance for the woman to have more than one baby and this increases the risk of miscarriage and other complications.
    – Not only will the woman have to go through the pain when giving birth but extracting the eggs and placing them back might still cause discomfort.
    – The fertility drugs used to stimulate the ovaries may lead to side effects such as ovarian cancer for the woman who has to go through the process in the long run.
    – It is very expensive for this process to happen.
    – The success rate is only 20%

    There are no right answers to this process. It all depends on one’s point of view. In my case, I am against the IVF process as it goes against my religious beliefs in that babies should not be ‘man-made’ but something that comes naturally. Many do argue that this is a chance for women who are in a same sex relationship to have a baby that is half theirs’ instead of adopting a baby that does not have either one of her/his parent’s genes.

  19. Jonat F. =) says:

    Ethical Implications of IVF:

    Advantages
    – overcomes infertility
    – allows families for people who have to be sterilized for medical reasons ie. cancer patients
    – much higher success rate than other infertility treatments
    – potentially more cost-effective as multiple insemination cycles have accumulated to become more expensive

    Disadvantages
    – too many unwanted babies → orphaned babies
    – aborting multiple babies
    – emotional implications because of extra hormonal load
    – religious implications → playing God Advantages
    – very expensive process

  20. Julio Villafuerte says:

    The chances of “test-tube” embryo in surviving in the uterus is low. Doctors tend to implant several, This could be a problem because if more than one embryo survives then the doctors will have to abort the living embryo.

    If a woman chooses to keep all the living fetuses, this could be a problem because it would be hard for the womb to carry more than 3 embryos, this could potentially lead to more serious health problems.

    If the mother has her eggs frozen and she ends up not needing these eggs anymore then these eggs are either: killed, sold for scientific research or frozen indefinitely.

    Embryos can be tested if they have genetic diseases, this enables parents to remove unhealthy embryos and select the healthy ones.

    This could be a problem because a lot of people don’t like designer babies.

  21. Marissa says:

    During the IVF activity, I played the role of “wife” which exposed me to most of the risks and ethical considerations associated with IVF.

    Some of the risks include:
    -the success rate for women under 35 is 29%, and it decreases with age
    -the increased levels of hormones needed to produce the donor egg and implant to embryo may cause a severe emotional change (mood swings)
    -One cycle of IVF costs roughly $12,400 and is normally not covered by health insurance
    -There is a possibility of multiple embryos implanting, which might not be what the mother wants
    -There is a slight increase in the possibility of genetic disorders developing in the child and the possibility of premature birth

    Some advantages:
    -overcomes infertility
    -allows family for people that have been sterilized (due to medical reasons)
    -highest rate of success compared to other fertilization treatments
    -allows for genetic screening

    Some ethical considerations associated with IVF are:
    -the termination of unwanted embryos
    -will the IVF child be discriminated against?
    -is it natural to bypass infertility? There may be health implications of inducing a pregnancy in an environment that is meant to be infertile
    -clashes with several religious beliefs

    Before this activity, I strongly supported IVF. I thought it was a great alternative for couples who cannot conceive naturally, but still want to have a child. It also offers an opportunity for homosexual couples that wish to have a child.

    After this activity, I still feel very positively towards IVF. However, I’ve become more aware of the health risks associated with the procedure. It does contain several steps, and the woman is exposed to large doses of hormones which might alter her emotional state. In addition, IVF may result in multiple children.

    I believe that if the couple (both the man and the woman) are completely aware of the ethical implications and the health risks of IVF and still wish to continue, they should be allowed to do so. With regards to single women wanting to conceive without a partner, I believe that she should be allowed to make use of IVF if she’s living in a suitable social and economic environment to take care of a child alone. However, she would also have to be aware of the consequences of using a sperm donor: the child might become curious towards his/her natural father, which might cause some kind of identity crisis.

    Although there are several implications to IVF, I still believe it is a great development in biology because the benefits of having a child outweigh most of the negative aspects of the procedure.

  22. Towaki says:

    For:
    • Allows a couple to conceive a child although they could not conceive normally
    • The process of the child developing within the mother is the same as if the child was conceived normally
    • There is around a 30% possibility of successful birth
    • Unused eggs can be frozen for future uses
    • Allows for single or same sex couples to have a child
    • Possible to use healthier sperm and eggs for healthier babes

    Against:
    • Possibility of multiple births which may affect the mother’s family economically
    • May have problems with the religious beliefs by not conceiving naturally
    • Destroying the unborn babies may be considered as murder
    • Going against the “work of God” (the course of nature
    • The costs of an IVF may be expensive

  23. Amado says:

    It was difficult for me to be to be the doctor because every question i answered led to the mother not wanting to use IVF.

    Advantages
    Healthy zygotes will be used.
    Embryos not used can be used in the future
    Single people can have a child
    parents who cant have a child have another alternative rather than adoption.

    Disadvantages
    Very Expensive
    Multiple Births may occur

    In my opinion, IVF is okay to be used. even though it is expensive, it is the best alternative.

  24. BrianKeh says:

    There are pros and cons concerning ethical issues about In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). There are risks that there may be multiple babies that are born at the same time when IVF is done. This would have a negative externality on the society as a whole because in the case of the octowoman, the single mom can’t provide enough attention for all of her eight babies so the government have to take care of the babies, this would result in a decrease in the government’s budget for other program that can help the society. Also, in order for a couple to undergo IVF, it would cost a lot of money for the couple to do this procedure. Instead of having a better standard of living, they traded it for this procedure. Even though there are other procedures in conceiving a child artificially. However, there are also benefits in undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) as IVF can alleviate genetic diseases that only occurs on a gender.

  25. Rico says:

    To start off, I am not a religious person, and not being a Catholic the majority of ethical issues other people bring up do not affect me at all. Since I don’t believe in God, statements like “children are a gift of god and should only be conceived naturally” and when a woman cannot get pregnant naturally it is God’s will and it is wrong to try to overcome this artificially” don’t have any weight or affect me, as I don’t believe in God and I don’t find those to be valid arguments. However, there would be other ethical issues that I do feel strongly about. There have been cases where parents genetically choose their kids, like where a deaf couple wanted to have a deaf kid. Personally, I don’t feel like the parents should genetically choose their kid. If it is done to enhance the child I understand, but to me, giving your kids disadvantages that they only have because of you would be too cruel as they would never live up to their full potential.

    Overall I really like the concept of IVF and I believe that if someone wants to do it, they should be allowed to regardless of their situation. As long as the person knows everything to do with IVF, the procedure and how everything works and they have enough money, they should be allowed to do it. This is because it allows same sex couples to have children, it allows single parents to have children, and it allows women past menopause to have children. This in itself shows that IVF gives everyone the opportunity and happiness that they can have a kid, and I think that is good and there really is no reason to oppose it. One thing is that the world should follow England’s example in only planting three eggs, so situations like the octomom don’t happen again.

  26. Francesca says:

    From the position of the father in the role play, I had to identify the pros and cons of in vitro fertilization and how its advantages can be considered to overpower its disadvantages.

    In presenting my argument for IVF, I discussed the following advantages:
    • Regardless of the situation, an egg will always unite with a viable sperm cell and subsequently be inserted into the woman’s uterus.
    • IVF can increase the chances of conceiving a child for couples in which there is an infertility problem with one or both of the partners. This treatment can enable women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes a chance to have a baby for example.
    • IVF can enable pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. This is when an embryo, after it has been conceived through IVF to be studied for genetic defects. This would allow an embryo to be tested for diseases or abnormalities before it is implanted into the mother’s womb.
    • IVF can also enable same sex couples to have a baby

    In this role play, I had to address the disadvantages and possible complications of this treatment as well:
    • The costs associated with this treatment are extremely high given that its average success rate is only 20%.
    • IVF also presents the risk of multiple births as multiple embryos are transferred at the same time, Multiple births can lead to complications such as an increased risk of pregnancy loss and neonatal morbidity.
    • It presents religious implications as it may go against the belief that babies should be conceived naturally without scientific assistance.

    In my opinion, IVF presents several complications and disadvantages that undermine its ability to be considered to be ‘right.’ However, this all really depends on the couple who are considering this treatment and whether it goes against their moral, social, and religious beliefs.

  27. Kyle says:

    I do not think there is a correct “yes” or “no” answer to this question. It is more a personal standpoint. I view IVF as acceptable because it allows infertile couples to attain the ability to create life that they wouldn’t be able to on their own. Of course, IVF can be abused, and I think that it should be allowed in certain cases only.

    Pros:
    – miracle of life for infertile couples
    – ability to allow birth of a selected gender if there is a history of gender disease
    – relatively safe
    – relatively high birth rate

    Cons:
    – expensive
    – conflicting religious beliefs
    – child is twice as likely to be born with birth defects
    – rigorous procedures for mother
    – multiple births more likely

  28. Erin says:

    Ethical Considerations regarding IVF
    Pro:
    • Allows prospective mothers who would be otherwise unable to conceive a greater chance of having the child.
    • Decreased risk of complications from intercourse, IE STDs
    • Allows for same sex parents to conceive a child with at least one partner’s genes present
    • Allows for parents to select the ideal set of genotypes for the embryo

    Con:
    • Is considered to be religiously immoral; interference with the work of the Creator
    • Each individual embryo has a fairly low chance of success, which also necessitates:
    • Using several embryos, which can result in a pregnancy with multiple children rather than the desired number
    • Expensive and lengthy procedure

  29. Miko says:

    Ethical implications of IVF

    Pros

    – Genetic diseases could be eliminated by this process. Some genetic diseases are passed through males only, and by choosing which embryos to implant in the women, the birth of a baby boy can be prevented. This is done by only implanting female embryos into the woman.
    – IVF increases the chances of conception, as the healthiest embryos are chosen to be implanted.
    – It gives people who cannot conceive naturally, a chance to produce kids.

    Cons

    – In the process of IVF around 10 eggs are collected from the woman’s uterus. The eggs are then mixed with a man’s sperm, which results in the production of embryos. Out of then 10 embryos, the 3 healthiest ones are chosen to be implanted into the woman’s uterus. However, life begins at conception and the other 7 eggs are just frozen, so IVF prevents human life by denying the fertilized eggs to be developed.
    – The parents of the fertilized eggs are not sure of what will happen the eggs yeas later. If they die, then what happens to eggs?
    – People believe that children should only be conceived naturally.
    – People believe it is not ethical to choose from a number of embryos, which ones will be implanted into a woman.
    – The costs of IVF are extremely expensive, and its chances are still pretty low (about 1 in 5 treatments).

  30. Jeff says:

    IVF: In-vitro Fertilization
    Pros:
    +reduced risk of diseases
    +no need for husbands
    +able to select ideal kid (selective breeding)
    Cons:
    -big investment of money
    -success rate not that high
    -unnatural (for those who are religiously overzealous(or not))
    -emotionally stressful for the women (tons of hormones being pumped into her body)

  31. Myeong Jin, Jeon says:

    Ethical implications of IVF

    There are several ethical implications of IVF

    Pros:

    Reduces the suffering due to genetic disease
    IVF offers the best chance of reducing the infertility rate
    IVF cause no harm to anyone as that stage, there is no neuron system
    IVF aids women who want to get pregnant

    Cons:

    Possibility of multiple births
    – Woman may not desire
    – It increases the chances of premature birth
    – Parents may not want more than one child
    Psychological suffering if infertility happens again
    Denying the nature (Religion)
    Cost is expensive

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